John Robert Shook, PhD



5900 Coverdale Way Apt H, Alexandria Virginia 22310      email:     cell: 703-801-3645



1994                                 Ph.D. in Philosophy. State University of New York at Buffalo, New York.

1990                                 M.A. in Philosophy. University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

1988                                 B.A. in Philosophy. Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio.

Academic Positions

Aug. 2014 to present        Lecturer in Philosophy, Bowie State University, Bowie, Maryland.

                                          - Full-time teaching at this Historically Black Institution, emphasizing diversity and inclusivity.

                                                - Assembled the proposal for new BA in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics.


Sept. 2006 to present        Instructor of Research Ethics and Science Education for the Science and the Public

                                         online EdM program, Graduate School of Education, University at Buffalo, New York.

- Part-time teaching of online courses, and chairing master's thesis committees.

- Also Research Associate in Philosophy with the Philosophy Department, University at Buffalo.


Aug. 2000 to May 2006   Assistant Professor (2000-03), then tenured Associate Professor (2003-06) of Philosophy,
                                         Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma.

                                                - Taught American Philosophy courses for the new American Studies program.

                                                - Led the committee that raised standards for the Master's program.


Aug. 1995 to July 2000   Assistant Professor (1995-99), then Associate Professor (2000) of Philosophy, Corning

                                         Community College, Corning, New York.

- Started five new philosophy courses for students across campus, relating to business, social science,   

   and health care disciplines.

Interdisciplinary Appointments

2018 to present                 Lecturer, Liberal Studies, School of Continuing Studies, Georgetown University,

                                         Washington D.C.

                                         - teaches part-time for Liberal Studies programs.


2011 to 2014                    Affiliate Faculty, Humanities and Culture PhD concentration, Union Institute & University,

                                         Cincinnati, Ohio.

                                                - My Religion and Social Ethics course supports the Martin Luther King, Jr. Studies program.

                                                - Advise dissertation candidates.


2011 to 2013                    Education Coordinator, American Humanist Association, Washington, D.C.

                                                - Developed outreach education, and reviewed AHA principles and position statements.

                                                - Served as Class 18 Mentor for the Humanist Institute, an AHA affiliate organization.


2006 to 2013                    Senior Research Fellow and staff member, Center for Inquiry, Washington, D.C.

                                                - Served as Director of Research (2006-08), and Director of Education (2008-13).

                                                - Grew departments with fundraising to several supporting staff and budgets of $150,000-$200,000/year.


2010 to 2013                    Visiting Fellow of the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy, George Mason University,

                                         Fairfax, Virginia.

                                                - Also taught ethics and bioethics as Adjunct Instructor of Philosophy.


2010 to 2012                    Associate Fellow, Center for Neurotechnology Studies, Potomac Institute for Public Policy,

                                         Arlington, Virginia.

                                                - Co-organized two conferences and assisted with the Center's journal.

Recognitions, Awards, and Grants

Who's Who in America, 61st Edition 2007, and subsequent editions

Outstanding Publications Award, Bowie State University, 2015

Paul Kurtz Fund for Research in Humanism, Center for Inquiry, N.Y., research grants in 2008-09, 2009-10

OSU College of Arts and Sciences, Travel Award, Spring 2005
2003 OSU Distinguished Faculty Award
with merit raise, 2003
OSU College of Arts and Sciences, Summer Research Grant, Summer 2003
Junior Faculty Award for Scholarly Excellence, OSU College of Arts and Sciences, 2002
OSU College of Arts and Sciences, Dean's Incentive Grant, Summer 2002
OSU College of Arts and Sciences, Summer Research Grant and Travel Award, Summer 2001
OSU College of Arts and Sciences, Dean's Incentive Grant, Summer 2001
OSU College of Arts and Sciences, Travel Award, Fall 2001

Who's Who Among America's Teachers, 2000 edition, nominated by Corning Community College students


Professional Service and Editorial Positions


Advisory Committees

       Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Brain Initiative: Neurotechnologies and Ethics (2018- )


Academic Societies

American Institute for Philosophical and Cultural Thought: President, 2016- .

Society of Humanist Philosophers: President, 2008-2013.

Humanist Institute (nonprofit educational organization): Class 18 Mentor, 2011-14.

Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy: Executive Committee, 2006-09.

William James Society: Advisory Board Member, 1999-2001; Executive Committee Member, 2001-03


As an Editor:

Secular Studies (Brill): Founder and Editor (starting publication in 2019).

Contemporary Pragmatism (Brill): Founder and Co-Editor (2004- ).

Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism (American Humanist Association): Editor (2012- ).

Philo: A Journal of Philosophy (Center for Inquiry): Executive Editor (2008-2013), Editorial Board (2006-2013).

The Pluralist (University of Illinois Press): Co-Founder and Co-editor (2006-2009).

The Pragmatism Cybrary ( Founder and Cybrarian (1998- ).

Editorial Boards:

John Dewey Studies (John Dewey Society): Editorial Board (2017- )
Free Inquiry (Center for Inquiry): Associate Editor (2006-13).

Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries: Bibliographer and reviewer, 2000- .

William James Studies: Editorial Board, 2005- .

Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society: Consulting Editor, 2000- .

Synesis: A Journal of Science, Technology, Ethics, and Policy Editorial Board, 2011-13.

Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Education: Associate Editor, 2000-10.


Reference Works

       General Editor, The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Philosophers, a Brill online reference work with over 6,000 entries

              on individual thinkers around the world from 1600 to the present.


Book Series

Editor, with Randall Auxier, of American Philosophical and Cultural Thought, a book series for SUNY Press.

Three or four volumes are published each year.

Editor, with James Giordano, of Brain Science, Philosophy, and Ethics, a book series for Brill (Leiden,

       The Netherlands). Four volumes are currently in progress.

Editor of the Pragmatism in American Thought book series, published first by Thoemmes Press and then by

       Thoemmes Continuum. Seven sets, totaling 28 volumes, were published in my series from 2000 to 2006.
Editor of Studies in Pragmatism and Values, a special series of the Value Inquiry Book Series, published by Rodopi.

       Eleven books were published under my editorship from 2001 to 2008.


Publications by Category: Medical Humanities, Bioethics, Neuroethics, Moral Psychology, Social Ethics



Co-editor with Scott Gelfand, Ectogenesis: Artificial Womb Technology and the Future of Human Reproduction. Amsterdam and New York: Editions Rodopi, 2006.


Articles in Peer-reviewed Journals

"Neuroethics: What It Is, Does, and Should Do." With James Giordano. Health Care Ethics USA v.26 n.2 (Spring 2018): 1-5.

"Moral Mentation: What Neurocognitive Studies of Psychopathy May Really Offer the Internalism/Externalism Debate." With Katherine Cahn-Fuller and James Giordano. Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics v.5 n.2 (2018): 1-20.

"Moral Bioenhancement for Social Welfare: Are Civic Institutions Ready?" With James Giordano. Frontiers in Sociology 2:21 (13 December 2017). doi: 10.3389/fsoc.2017.00021.

"Ethics Transplants? Addressing the Risks and Benefits of Guiding International Biomedicine." With James Giordano. AJOB Neuroscience v.8 n.4 (2017): 230-232.

"My Brain Made Me Moral: Moral Performance Enhancement for Realists." Neuroethics v.9 n.3 (December 2016): 199-211.

"On the 'Neuroscience of Ethics': Approaching the Neuroethical Literature as a Rational Discourse on Putative Neural Processes of Moral Cognition and Behavior." With Kira Becker and James Giordano. Journal of Neurology & Neuromedicine v.1 n.6 (2016): 32-36.

"Will Brain Science Understand and Modify Morality? A Neuropragmatic and Neuro-Ecological Approach to Neuroethics." With James Giordano. Pragmatism Today v.7 n.1 (Summer 2016): 20-31.

"Moral Enhancement? Acknowledging Limitations of Neurotechnology, and Morality." With James Giordano. American Journal of Bioethics-Neuroscience v.7 n.2 (2016): 118-120.

"Neuroethics beyond Normal: Performance Enablement and Self-Transformative Technologies." With James Giordano. Cambridge Quarterly of Health Care Ethics v.25 n.1 (January 2016): 121-140.

"Minding Brain Science in Medicine: On the Need for Neuroethical Engagement for Guidance of Neuroscience in Clinical Contexts." With James Giordano. Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine v.6 n.1-2 (2015): 37-42.

"Principled Research Ethics in Practice? Reflections for Neuroethics and Bioethics." With James Giordano. Cortex v.71 n.10 (October 2015): 423-426.

"Freedom Is as Freedom Does: Neuropragmatism, Neuroethics, and Free Will." American Journal of Bioethics-Neuroscience v.6 n.2 (June 2015): 28-30.

"Cognitive Enhancement Kept within Contexts: Neuroethics and Informed Public Policy." With James Giordano and Lucia Galvagni. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience v.8 (5 December 2014): article 228. doi: 10.3389/fnsys.2014.00228.

"A Principled and Cosmopolitan Neuroethics: Considerations for International Relevance." With James Giordano. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine v.9 n.1 (2014), article 1, doi:10.1186/1747-5341-9-1.

"Advancing Neuroscience on the 21st Century World Stage: The Need for - and Proposed Structure of - an Internationally-Relevant Neuroethics." With Elisabetta Lanzilao, Roland Benediter, and James Giordano. Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine v.4 n.3 (2013): 211-229. Translated into Italian as "Guidare la neuroscienza e lo sviluppo della persona nel XXI secolo: Una prospettiva naturalistica e cosmopolita per la neuroetica." L'Arco di Giano 80 (2015): 147-164.

"Neuroethics and the Possible Types of Moral Enhancement." American Journal of Bioethics-Neuroscience v.3 n.4 (2012): 3-14. Also published in German as "Neuroethik und die moglichen Arten des Enhancements der Moral" in Enhancement der Moral, edited by Raphael van Riel, Ezio Di Nucci, and Jan Schildmann (Paderborn, Germany: Mentis Verlag, 2015), pp. 19-49.

"Is There a Place for Environmentalism in Humanism?" Free Inquiry v.31 n.3 (April 2011): 54-55.

"Comparative Political Philosophy: Categorizing Political Philosophies Using Twelve Archetypes." Metaphilosophy v.40 n.5 (October 2009): 633-655.

"Entrepreneurship and Values in a Democratic and Pragmatic Economics." Journal of Economic Methodology v.10 n.2 (June 2003): 181-190.

Chapters in Volumes

"Ethical and Policy Issues in Practices of Regenerative Medicine for the Treatment of Chronic Pain." With James Giordano. In Essentials of Regenerative Medicine in Interventional Pain Management, ed. Laxmaiah Manchikanti and Annu Navani  American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians, forthcoming.

"Reducing Moral Righteousness to Enhance Civil Rights." In Moral Enhancement: Critical Perspectives, ed. Michael Hauskeller. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming.

"The Moral Philosopher and the Moral Life." In William James, Moral Philosophy, and the Ethical Life, edited by Jacob Goodson (Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books, 2018), pp. 97-119.

"Neuroethical Engagement on Interdisciplinary and International Scales." With James Giordano. In Debates About Neuroethics: Perspectives on Its Development, Focus, and Future, edited by Eric Racine and John Aspler (Dordrecht and New York: Springer, 2017), pp. 225-246.

"Moral Responsibility and the Cognitive Status of Ethical Ideals." In Pragmatism and Objectivity, edited by Sami Pihlstrom (London: Routledge, 2017), pp. 254-275.

"Defining Contexts of Cognitive (Performance) Enhancements: Neuroethical Considerations, and Implications for Policy." With James Giordano. In Cognitive Enhancement: Ethical and Policy Implications in International Perspectives, ed. Fabrice Jotterand and Veljko Dubljevic (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016), pp. 76-98.

"Moral Psychology and Meta-Constructs of Religious 'DEFIANCE'." In White Paper on Social and Cognitive Neuroscience Underpinnings of ISIL Behavior and Implications for Strategic Communication, Messaging, and Influence, edited by James Giordano and Diane DiEuliis (Washington, D.C.: A Strategic Multi-Layer Assessment (SMA) Periodic Publication, May 2015), pp. 38-45.

"The Design of Morality." In Origin(s) of Design in Nature, ed. Liz Stillwaggon Swan, Richard Gordon, and Joseph Seckbach (Berlin and New York: Springer, 2012), pp. 163-190.

"Euthanasia, Unnecessary Suffering, and the Proper Aims of Medicine." In Science and Ethics: Can Science Help Us Make Wise and Moral Judgments?, ed. Paul Kurtz and David Koepsell (Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 2007), pp. 125-140.


Publications by Category: Neurophilosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Naturalism, Philosophy of Science



Editor, Pragmatic Naturalism and Realism. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 2003.


Co-editor with Paul Kurtz, The Future of Naturalism. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 2009.


Co-editor with Liz Stillwaggon Swan, Transformers and Philosophy, in the Popular Culture and Philosophy series. Chicago: Open Court, 2009.


Co-Editor with Tibor Solymosi, Pragmatist Neurophilosophy: American Philosophy and the Brain. London and New York: Bloomsbury, 2014.


Co-editor with Tibor Solymosi, Neuroscience, Neurophilosophy, and Pragmatism: Brains at Work with the World. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.


Articles in Peer-reviewed Journals

"Abduction, Complex Inferences, and Emergent Heuristics of Scientific Inquiry." Axiomathes v.26 n.2 (June 2016): 157-186.

"Neuropragmatism, Knowledge, and Pragmatic Naturalism." Human Affairs: Postdisciplinary Humanities & Social Sciences Quarterly v.23 n.4 (October 2013): 576-593.

"Neuropragmatism and the Culture of Inquiry: Moving Beyond Creeping Cartesianism." With Tibor Solymosi. Intellectica  2013/2, no. 60 (2013): 137-159.

"Neuropragmatism: A Neurophilosophical Manifesto." With Tibor Solymosi. European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy v.5 n.1 (2013): 212-233.

"Varieties of Twentieth Century American Naturalism." The Pluralist v.6 n.2 (Summer 2011): 1-17.

"Pragmatic Naturalism." Acta Philosophica Fennica v.86 (2009): 91-106.

"Dewey's Empirical Naturalism and Pragmatic Metaphysics." Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society v.40 n.4 (Fall 2004): 731-742.

"The Direct Contextual Realist Theory of Perception." Journal of Speculative Philosophy v. 17 n.4 (2003): 245-258.

"The Possibility of an Empiricist Naturalism: Dewey and Santayana." Overheard in Seville: Bulletin of the Santayana Society no. 21 (Fall 2003): 1-7.

"The Revival of the Social in Philosophy." Perspectives: The American Sociological Association Theory Section Newsletter v.24 n.4 (October 2001): 1-8.

Chapters in Volumes

"Truth and the Pragmatic Theory of Learning." In Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory, edited by Michael A. Peters (Berlin and New York: Springer, 2017), pp. 2275-2280.

"Neuropragmatism and the Reconstruction of Scientific and Humanistic Worldviews." With Tibor Solymosi. In Neuroscience, Neurophilosophy, and Pragmatism: Understanding Brains at Work in the World, ed. John R. Shook and Tibor Solymosi. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014), pp. 3-35.

"Is Experience Subjective or Objective, or Both, or Neither?" In American Philosophy and the Brain: Pragmatist Neurophilosophy, Old and New, ed. Tibor Solymosi and John R. Shook (London and New York: Bloomsbury, 2014), pp. 223-247.

"Reasoning is Communal in Method and Spirit." In Charles S. Peirce in His Own Words: 100 Years of Semiotics, Communication and Cognition, ed. Torkild Thellefsen and Bent Sørensen (Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter, 2014), pp. 70-83.

"Social Cognition and the Problem of Other Minds." In Handbook of Neurosociology, edited by David D. Franks and Jonathan H. Turner (Berlin and New York: Springer, 2012), pp. 33-46.

"A Pragmatically Realistic Philosophy of Science." In Pragmatic Naturalism and Realism, ed. John R. Shook (Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 2003), pp. 323-344.


Publications by Category: American Philosophy, Pragmatism



Author, Pragmatism: An Annotated Bibliography, 1898-1940. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, 1998.  


Dewey's Empirical Theory of Knowledge and Reality. Nashville, Tenn.: Vanderbilt University Press, 2000.


General Editor, Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers, 4 vols. Bristol, UK: Thoemmes Continuum, 2005.


Co-editor with Joseph Margolis, A Companion to Pragmatism. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2006.


Co-editor with Hugh McDonald, F. C. S. Schiller on Pragmatism and Humanism: Selected Writings, 1891-1939. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 2008.


Co-Author, John Dewey's Philosophy of Spirit, with Dewey's 1897 Lectures on Hegel. With James A. Good. New York: Fordham University Press, 2010.


Co-editor with Paul Kurtz, Dewey's Enduring Impact: Essays on America's Philosopher. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 2011.


Editor, The Essential William James. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2011.


General Editor, Dictionary of Early American Philosophers, 2 vols. London and New York: Continuum, 2012.


Author, Dewey's Social Philosophy: Democracy as Education. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.


Editor, Historical Essays in 20th-Century American Philosophy, vol. 11 of The American Philosophical Association Centennial Series, Tallahassee, Florida: Philosophy Documentation Center, 2015.


General Editor, The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Philosophers in America. London and New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2016.


Co-editor with Russell Pryba, The Critical Margolis. Albany: State University of New York Press, forthcoming.


Author, Pragmatism. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, forthcoming.


Articles in Peer-reviewed Journals

"The Nature Philosophy of John Dewey," Dewey Studies v.1 n.1 (Spring 2017): 13-43.

"Dewey's Ethical Justification for Public Deliberation Democracy." Education and Culture v.29 n.1 (2013): 3-26.

"Jonathan Edwards' Contribution to John Dewey's Theory of Moral Responsibility." History of Philosophy Quarterly v.21 n.3 (July 2004): 299-312.

"Dewey's Rejection of Retributivism and His Moral-Education Theory of Punishment." Journal of Social Philosophy v.35 n.1 (Spring 2004): 66-78.

"Wilhelm Wundt's Contribution to John Dewey's Functional Psychology." Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences v.31 n.4 (October 1995): 347-369.

"John Dewey's Struggle with American Realism, 1904-1910." Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society v.31 n.3 (Summer 1995): 542-566.

Chapters in Volumes

"Reality is More Practical than Truth: Rorty on Truth vs. Justification." In Rorty and Beyond, ed. Randall Auxier and Chris Skowronski. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, forthcoming.

"Let the Philosophers Bury Their Own Dead: Matthew 8 and Luke 9 in John Dewey's Philosophy." In Signs and Wonders: American Philosophers Read Scripture, ed. Jacob L. Goodson. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, forthcoming.

"Idealism and Religion in Dewey's Philosophy." With Randall E. Auxier. In The Oxford Companion to John Dewey, ed. Steven Fesmire. Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming in 2018.

"The Real Metaphysical Club: A History." In The Real Metaphysical Club: All the Philosophers, their Debates,

and Selected Writings from 1870 to 1885, ed. Frank X. Ryan, Brian E. Butler, and James A. Good. Albany: State University of New York Press, forthcoming in 2018.

"Early Responses to American Pragmatism in France: Selective Attention and Critical Reaction." In The Reception of Pragmatism in France and the Rise of Catholic Modernism, 1890-1914, ed. David G. Schultenover (Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 2009), pp. 59-75.

"F. C. S. Schiller and European Pragmatism." In A Companion to Pragmatism, ed. John R. Shook and Joseph Margolis (Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2006), pp. 44-53.

"Dewey's Vision of Equal Opportunity for Education in a Democracy." In Pragmatism and the Problem of Race, eds. William Lawson and Donald Koch (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2004), pp. 48-72.

"Dewey and Quine on the Logic of What There Is." In Dewey's Logical Theory: New Studies and Interpretations, edited by Tom Burke, D. Micah Hester, and Robert Talisse (Nashville, Tenn.: Vanderbilt University Press, 2002), pp. 93-118.


Publications by Category: Philosophy and Science of Religion, Humanism, Secularism



The God Debates: A Twenty-first Century Guide for Atheists and Believers (and Everyone in Between). Malden, Mass.: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.


Editor, Exuberant Skepticism by Paul Kurtz. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 2010.


Discovering Our World: Humanity's Epic Journey from Myth to Knowledge. Co-author with Paul Singh. Charlottesville, Virginia: Pitchstone Publishing, 2014.


Co-editor with Phil Zuckerman, The Oxford Handbook of Secularism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.


Systematic Atheology: Atheism's Reasoning with Theology. London and New York: Routledge, 2018.


Articles in Peer-reviewed Journals

"Are People Born to be Believers, or are Gods Born to be Believed?" Method & Theory in the Study of Religion v.29 n.4-5 (2017): 353-373. Four commentaries, and my "Reply to Commentaries" on pp. 422-428, accompany this article.

"Panentheism and Peirce's God: Theology Guided by Philosophy and Cosmology." Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences v.3 n.1 (2016): 8-31.

"Rationalist Atheology." International Journal for Philosophy of Religion v.78 n.3 (December 2015): 329-348.

"Philosophy of Religion and Two Types of Atheology." International Journal of Philosophy and Theology v.76 n.1 (January 2015): 1-19.

"Scientific Atheology." Science, Religion and Culture v.1 n.1 (May 2014): 32-48.

"William James on Religious Saints and Verifying the God Hypothesis." Religious Studies and Theology v.32. n.2 (2013): 185-208.

"Paul Kurtz, Atheology, and Secular Humanism." Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism v.21 n.2 (2013): 111-116.

"Atheists are Rejecting Today's Culturally Evolved Religions, not a 'First' Natural Religion." Religion, Brain & Behavior v.2 n.1 (February 2012): 38-40.

"Peirce's Pragmatic Theology and Stoic Religious Ethics." Journal of Religious Ethics v.39 n.2 (June 2011): 344-363.

"Pragmatism, Pluralism, and Public Philosophy." French Review of American Studies no. 124 (2010): 11-28.

"Humanism's Higher Purpose." Think v.9 n.24 (2010): 7-11.

"God's Divinely Justified Knowledge is Incompatible with Human Free Will." Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy v.15 n.1 (Spring 2010): 141-160.

"John Dewey and Edward Scribner Ames: Partners in Religious Naturalism." American Journal of Theology and Philosophy v.28 n.2 (May 2007): 178-207.

"Addison W. Moore's Pragmatic Approach to Religion and Immortality." Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society v.38 n.4 (Fall 2002): 629-641.

Chapters in Volumes

"Religious Experience: Atheism." In Theism and Atheism: Opposing Arguments in Philosophy, ed. Graham Oppy and Joseph Kotersky. New York: Macmillan Reference, forthcoming.

"Humanist Rituals and Practices." With Vanessa Gomez Brake. In Classification of Religious Rituals and Practices, ed. David Yaden. Berlin: Springer, forthcoming.

"A Unity with the Universe: Herder, Schelling, and Dewey on Natural Piety." In Handbook of Religious Naturalism, edited by Donald Crosby and Jerome A. Stone (London and New York: Routledge, 2018), pp. 55-67.

"Recognizing and Categorizing the Secular - Polysecularity and Agendas of Polysecularism." In Organized Secularism in the United States, edited by Ryan Cragun, Lori Fazzino, and Christel Manning (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2017), pp. 87-112.

"Introduction: The Study of Secularism." With Phil Zuckerman. In The Oxford Handbook of Secularism, ed. Phil Zuckerman and John R. Shook (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017), pp. 1-17.

"Atheology." In Religion: Beyond Religion, edited by Phil Zuckerman (Farmington Hills, Mich.: Macmillan Reference USA, 2016), pp. 263-279.

"What the Hell is God Up To? God's Evils and the Theodicies Holding God Responsible." In The Problem of Evil: New Philosophical Directions, edited by Benjamin McGraw and Robert Arp (Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books, 2016), pp. 127-140.

"Humanism, Moral Relativism, and Ethical Objectivism." In Blackwell Handbook on Humanism, edited by A. C Grayling and Andrew Copson (Malden, Mass.: Wiley-Blackwell, 2015), pp. 403-425.

"Spelling Out Scientism, A-Z." In Scientistic Chronicles: Exploring the Limits, if any, of the Scientific Enterprise, edited by Massimo Pigliucci (New York:, 2015), pp. 17-24.

"Can the Brain Decide Whether God Exists?" Free Inquiry v.31 n.1 (January 2011): 20-22.

"John Dewey." Article in Encyclopedia of Unbelief, 2nd edn., ed. Tom Flynn (Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 2007), pp. 259-262.

"Ernest Nagel." Article in Encyclopedia of Unbelief, 2nd edn., ed. Tom Flynn (Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 2007), pp. 553-554.

"God's Justified Knowledge and the Hard-Soft Fact Distinction." In The Proceedings of the XXI World Congress of Philosophy, vol. 8: Philosophy of Religion, ed. William Sweet (Ankara: Philosophical Society of Turkey, 2006), pp. 69-73.

"Deliberative Democracy and Moral Pluralism: Dewey vs. Rawls and Habermas." In Deconstruction and Reconstruction: The Central European Pragmatist Forum, Volume Two, eds. John Ryder and Emil Visnovsky (Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, 2004), pp. 31-41.


Conference Presentations and Invited Lectures

"Cosmopolitan Ethics and Philosophy of Technology." International Symposium on Homo Technicus/Technologicus,
Coburg University, Germany, December 2018.

"Peirce's Logic is Social and Science is Ethical." Twelfth Biennial Personalist Seminar, Western Carolina University, July 2018.

"Forecasting Civic Crises using Generation Theory." Strategic Multi-Layer Assessment Conference for the US Department of Defense, Joint Base Andrews, April 2018.

"A Unity with the Universe: Herder, Schelling, and Dewey on Natural Piety." Institute for American Religious and Philosophical Thought Annual Meeting, University of Chattanooga, June 2017.

"Military Uses for Neuro-Enhancements." Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University, January 2017.

"Opening of the New Institute and Its Purpose." American Institute for Philosophical and Cultural Thought, Carbondale, Illinois, November 2016.

"Neurophilosophy and Pragmatism." Conference on Pragmatism and the Brain, University of North Carolina-Asheville, June 2016.

"The New Neuroethics." Association for Practical and Professional Ethics, 2016 Annual Conference in Reston, Virginia, February 2016.

"The Current Relevance of Pragmatism for (Neuro)ethics and Society." Montreal Neuroethics Network, McGill University in Montreal, Canada, January 2016.

"Are People Born to be Believers, or are Gods Born to be Believed?" Southern Illinois University-Carbondale Philosophy Department, July 2015.

"My Brain Made Me Moral." Conference on "Enhancement umano - Human Enhancement" at Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Trento, Italy, May 2015.

"Moral Enhancement." Conference on "Minding Gray Matters: Neuroethics, the BRAIN Initiative, and Beyond" by the Pellegrino Center for Clinical Bioethics at Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, D.C., April 2015.

"Polysecularity and Types of Nonbelief: Framing the Field of Secular Studies." Third International Conference of the Nonreligion and Secularity Research Network, at Pitzer College, Claremont, California, November 2014.

"Polysecularity and Rival Secularisms." Society for the Scientific Study of Religion Annual Conference, Indianapolis, Indiana, October 2014.

"How Does Science Illuminate Our Place in the World?" "Science Changes Everything," and "How Does Science/Naturalism Assist Humanism?" Lectures for The Humanist Institute, at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, August 2013.

"John Dewey." Lectures for the Eighth Biennial Personalist Seminar, on Niebuhr and Dewey, at Western Carolina University, Cullowhee, North Carolina, July-August 2012.

"Is Ethical Theory Relevant to Neuroethical Evaluations of Enhancing Moral Brains?" Conference on The Moral Brain, with the NYU Center for Bioethics, New York University, March 2012.

"Philosophical Debate with Religion." Public Philosophy Network Conference, Washington Plaza Hotel, Washington, D.C., October 2011.

"William James and the Science of Religions: Moral Saints as Experimental Theologians." Faculty Forum Lecture, Union Institute & University, Cincinnati, Ohio, July 2011.

"The Emergence of Morality and the Social Self." Conference on Neuroscience and Pragmatism: Productive Prospects, at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies in Arlington, Virginia, June 2011.

"Challenges for a Neuroscience of Moral Enhancement." Conference on Transforming Humanity: Fantasy? Dream? Nightmare? with the Penn Center for Bioethics, University of Pennsylvania, December 2010.

"Pragmatic Naturalism." The First Nordic Pragmatism Conference, Helsinki, Finland, June 2008.

"American Humanism, Past and Future." Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy, Michigan State University, Lansing, Michigan, March 2008.

"Ectogenesis." Lecture at the Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics, Yale University, November 2007.

"Dewey's Epistemological Reconstruction of the Democratic Citizen." World Conference on John Dewey, University of Calabria, Cosenza, Italy, May 2007.

"Edward S. Ames on Religious Humanism and Its Relevance for Dewey's Naturalism." Highlands Institute of American Religious and Philosophical Thought, Highlands, North Carolina, June 2005.

"Pragmatism Caught between Church and State." Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy, with the

Eastern Division meeting of the American Philosophical Association, Boston, December 2004.

"Early Responses to American Pragmatism in France: Selective Attention and Critical Reaction." American Academy of Religion, Nineteenth Century Theology Group meeting, San Antonio, Texas, November 2004.

"Dewey's Hegelianism and His Repair of the Religious/Secular Divide," American Academy of Religion, Pragmatism and Empiricism in American Religious Thought Group meeting, San Antonio, Texas, November 2004.

"God's Justified Knowledge and the Hard-Soft Fact Distinction." XXIst World Congress of Philosophy main program, Istanbul, Turkey, August 2003.

"A Process Interpretation of Dewey's Philosophy of Religion." International Institute for Field-Being session, XXIst World Congress of Philosophy, Istanbul, Turkey, August 2003.

"Democratic Deliberation, Pluralism, and Pragmatic Moral Evaluation." Central European Pragmatism Forum,  Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland, June 2002.

"Dewey's Laboratory School: Lessons for Today." Lectures at the School of Education, Institute 8, Hamburg University, Germany, June 2002.

"Do We Have Free Will from God's Omniscient Perspective?" Conference on God, Free Will, and Determinism, at McMurry University, Abilene, Texas, March 2002.

"Responsibility and Punishment on Dewey's Theory of Democracy." 29th Conference on Value Inquiry. Tulsa, Oklahoma, April 2001.

"Human Freedom and Its Incompatibility with Divine Omniscience." Mid-South Philosophy Conference, University of Memphis, Tennessee, February 2001.

"An Empirical Metaphysics of Value." Metaphysical Society of America, annual meeting. Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, March 2000.

"The Deweyan Theory of the Moral Problem." Lecture at the Center for Bioethics, University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, September 1999.

"Peirce and Dewey on Scientific Contingency." Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy, annual meeting. University of Toronto, Ontario, March 1996.


Organizer for Academic Events

Donald G. Wester Annual Philosophy Conference, at Oklahoma State University in Stillwater, Oklahoma (each spring semester of 2003, 2004, 2005).

Society of Humanist Philosophers. Group meeting with the American Philosophical Association (each December of

2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013).

The Future of Naturalism. Conference at The Center for Inquiry in Amherst, New York (September 2007).

Pragmatism and Science. Conference at The Center for Inquiry in Amherst, New York (June 2008).

A Secular Summit: Secularism in America Today. Conference at The Center for Inquiry in Amherst, New York (July 2009).

John Dewey's 150th Birthday Celebration: An International Conference on Dewey's Impact on America and the World. Conference at The Center for Inquiry in Amherst, New York (October 2009).

Transforming Humanity: Fantasy? Dream? Nightmare? Conference with the Penn Center for Bioethics, University of

Pennsylvania (December 2010).

Neuroscience and Pragmatism: Productive Prospects. Conference at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies in

Arlington, Virginia (June 2011).

Philosophy of Humanism. One-day program with the American Humanist Association Annual Conference (each June in 2012, 2013, 2014).

Pragmatism and the Brain. Conference at the University of North Carolina-Asheville (June 2016).



Undergraduate Courses Taught

Oklahoma State University                                                             

Philosophies of Life                                                                                          

Recent American Philosophy                                                                             

19th and 20th Century Philosophy                                                                                      

Philosophy of Mind                                                                          

Philosophy of Science


George Mason University  

Theories of Ethics

Biomedical Ethics


Bowie State University

Introduction to Philosophy

Intro to Principles of Reasoning

Symbolic Logic

Philosophy of Mind

Business Ethics


Oklahoma State University                                                                                                      

John Dewey                                                                                         
Pragmatism and Social Justice                                                                                             
Darwin and Dewey                              

American Psychology, 1830-1900      

20th C. Epistemologies & Pragmatism


University at Buffalo

Scientific Writing

Communicating Science to the Public    

History and Philosophy of Science

Science Curricula: Current Approaches

Religion and Science

Research Ethics


Union Institute & University

Philosophy and Social Ethics of Religion


Georgetown University

Science, Technology, and Society in the 20th Century


Chair of Master's Thesis Committees

Oklahoma State University: Jeremy W. Jordan, "Liberalism, Multiculturalism, and National Minorities: A Study in Compatibility." Philosophy MA, 2002.

Oklahoma State University: Brian Deer, "The Nature of Color and How the Mind Matters." Philosophy MA, 2004.

University at Buffalo: Brenda Bayles, "Origins of Student Misconceptions in Science." Science and the Public EdM, 2008.

University at Buffalo: Thomas Donnelly, "When Science Mets Lifestyle Journalism." Science and the Public EdM, 2008.

University at Buffalo: Lauren Becker, "Science v. Religion: Understanding Historical Confrontations." Science and the Public, EdM 2009.

University at Buffalo: Karl Kiefer, "The Wont to Believe: The Biased Coherence of Religious Belief." Science and the Public EdM, 2010.

University at Buffalo: Eric Haaland, "Beyond Connectionism: Toward an Ecologically Situated Educational Psychology." Science and the Public EdM, 2010.

University at Buffalo: Lori A. Snyder, "The Use of Social Networking Sites on the World Wide Web to Promote Public Engagement in Science." Science and the Public EdM, 2012.

University at Buffalo: Thomas A. McDonald, "The Politicizing of Science: Implications for Education." Science and the Public EdM, 2012.

University at Buffalo: Jason Rodriguez, "Strategies of Scientific Organizations for Advocating Science to a Religious Public." Science and the Public EdM, 2013.

University at Buffalo: Andrew Stolworthy, "An Analysis of the Relationship between the Public's Interest in Science and the Federal Budget Allocated to NASA." Science and the Public EdM, 2013.

University at Buffalo: William Daley, "A Survey of Recent Writing on the Religious Implications of Synthetic Biology." Science and the Public EdM, 2014.

University at Buffalo: Antonia Pinckney, "Direct to Consumer Ads for Prescription Drugs: Attitudes and Responses of a Managed Care Population with Diabetes." Science and the Public EdM, 2014.

University at Buffalo: Dale Roy, "Evaluating Pro- and Anti-GMO Advocacy Strategies: Does Science Influence the Public?" Science and the Public EdM, 2014.

University at Buffalo. Camilla Rodrigues Fossa. "A Statistical Analysis of the Use of Science and Science-Sounding Terms in New Age Sites." Science and the Public EdM, 2015.

University at Buffalo. Kevin Whalen. "21st Century Constructivism in a Middle School Science Setting Designed by the Next Generation Science Standards." Science and the Public EdM, 2015.

University at Buffalo. Patrick Tritschler. The Persistence of Sensory Integration Therapy: Ayres, ASD, and Credulity in the Treatment of "Sensory Processing Disorder." Science and the Public EdM, 2016.

University at Buffalo. Kyle Sanders. "Tavern Science: Describing Adult Informal Outreach Programs." Science and the Public EdM, 2016.

University at Buffalo. Steven D. Zorn. "I Read It in a Magazine: The Prevalence of Science Signifiers in Popular Magazine Advertisements, A Pilot Study." Science and the Public EdM, 2016.

University at Buffalo. Meri McGloin. "There Is Nothing Clean About Greenwashing: The Misuse of Science Communication by Key Players." Science and the Public EdM, 2016.

University at Buffalo. Suzanne M. Butcher. "Socio-Political Dimensions of New Media Representations of Carbon Capture and Storage." Science and the Public EdM, 2017.

University at Buffalo. Bernadette Uzzi. "Investing in Teachers: The National Laboratory as a Resource for Professional Development." Science and the Public EdM, 2017.

University at Buffalo. Robert L. Martone. "Hacking the Brain: Transcranial Brain Stimulation and the Dissemination of Science in Modern America." Science and the Public EdM, 2018.

University at Buffalo. Jonathan D. Rydberg. "Targeted Public Science Engagement: Recurrent Market Principles Recognized as Beneficial in Bolstering Community Science Literacy to Influence Informed Public Action." Science and the Public EdM, 2018.



Member, Doctoral Thesis Committee


Union Institute & University. Angela V. Walker. "From Beloved Community to the World House: Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Theological-Political Evolution and Its Contribution to Rooted Cosmopolitan and Black Feminist Thought." PhD in Interdisciplinary Studies, specialization in Martin Luther King, Jr. Studies, 2016.







Available on request.